Alumina, or aluminium oxide, is the largest single cost in connection with aluminium production. Top quality alumina is required to produce quality metal with low environmental impact. The worldwide production of close to 100 millions tonnes is mainly produced from Bauxite in the Bayer process.
To turn bauxite into alumina, we grind the ore and mix it with lime and caustic soda, pump this mix into high-pressure containers, and heat it. The aluminium oxide we’re after is dissolved by the caustic soda, then precipitated out of this solution, washed, and heated to drive off water. What’s left is the sugar-like white powder called alumina, or aluminium oxide (Al2O3).
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The planned addition of the bauxite, alumina and aluminium production activities in Brazil will move Hydro into the top class of global aluminium companies.
The raw material required for the production of primary aluminium is aluminium oxide, or alumina, a white powder refined from bauxite. To produce one tonne of aluminium in an electrolytic reduction process requires approximately two tonnes of alumina.
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