The International Aluminium Institute (IAI) forecasts that aluminium demand will increase by 70-80% by 2050.
Most of the growth can be covered by an increase in recycling of used post-consumer aluminium scrap, while the remaining growth must be covered by zero-emission primary aluminium production.
To meet the demand in a sustainable way, production must become emission free – and Hydro will take the lead to get there.
Since 1990, Hydro has cut emissions by 55% and the CO2 footprint in the aluminium products by 70% at its fully owned primary aluminium smelters. Our electrolysis technology is world-leading on energy efficiency and climate performance and well-positioned for carbon capture. Our latest development, the HAL4e technology, was a breakthrough and reduced energy consumption by 15%. We will build on our 50 years of technology leadership to achieve our goal of zero-emission primary aluminium.
Three paths to zero
Hydro is committed to achieving net-zero emissions by 2050 or earlier. The ambition is to take the lead in delivering industrial- scale zero-carbon aluminium by 2030. Our efforts are concentrated along three main pathways to zero:
- Recycling of post-consumer scrap with decarbonized operations
- Carbon capture and storage for existing smelters (CCS)
- Development of Hydro’s proprietary HalZero technology for greenfield smelters
Recycling of post-consumer scrap with decarbonized operations
The fastest way to deliver zero-carbon aluminium is by recycling post-consumer scrap. Hydro is currently marketing Hydro CIRCAL extrusion ingot, which consists of 75% post-consumer scrap and has a product footprint of 2.3 kg CO2 /kg aluminium. Hydro’s recycling system can deliver near-zero carbon aluminium based on 100% recycled post-consumer aluminium scrap. Near-zero is defined as aluminium with a footprint of 0.5-1 kg CO2 /kg aluminium, throughout the value chain.
To reduce the product footprint to zero, Hydro’s target is to develop technology to replace natural gas with renewable energy in the form of electricity, biogas or green hydrogen for the casthouse furnaces. This requires further research and development. Hydro Havrand is coordinating a study to look at alternatives. The aim is to develop technology pilots by 2024, with the ambition to industrialize new technology by 2026.
Carbon capture and storage for existing smelters
To speed up decarbonization of the aluminium industry and make our existing aluminium smelters fit for the future, Hydro is developing carbon capture and storage (CCS) solutions that can be retrofitted into aluminium plants that are in operation today. Hydro has evaluated more than 50 CCS technologies and developed a roadmap for testing and piloting the most promising ones up to industrial scale. The goal is to have an industrial-scale pilot running by 2030.
For six years, Hydro’s technology experts have worked to develop a breakthrough technology for primary aluminium production. The proprietary HalZero technology is based on converting alumina to aluminium chloride prior to electrolysis in a process where chlorine and carbon are kept in a closed loop where the only emission is oxygen. The results of the initial test phase are very promising, and we are now ready to start piloting the technology in lab scale. If successful, the ambition is to produce first pilot volumes by 2025 and to have an industrial-scale pilot up and running by 2030.
Climate, environment and social responsibility are mutually dependent
To succeed in decarbonizing society, we must strengthen our ambitions in all areas. In addition to strengthening our technology development, we have ambitious plans to further improve our sustainability impact across the climate, environment and society pillars.
This includes growing recycling capability and capacity to increase use of post-consumer aluminium scrap across our aluminium business. Moreover, Hydro is pursuesing technology development to decarbonize the upstream primary value chain, including bauxite and alumina production and renewable energy sourcing.
Hydro is also setting new sustainability ambitions in the areas of environment and social responsibility. In environment, the ambitions include protecting biodiversity and reducing the environmental footprint.
Finally, Hydro’s social ambition is to improve lives and livelihoods wherever we operate. The existing target of empowering 500,000 people with education and skills development by 2030 is supplemented with business-specific targets to support a just transition, and ensure responsible business practices throughout Hydro’s supply chain, providing traceability and transparency of key sustainability data for Hydro’s products.