As natural resources are often located in remote areas inhabited by indigenous peoples, ensuring that such peoples’ interests and needs are taken into consideration is an important challenge for extractive industries.
Operating in such areas may be controversial. Indigenous peoples often represent the weakest group in society; they have limited rights and are at risk of discrimination. They frequently lack formal representation in governmental structures, so it is difficult for businesses to consult with them directly.
The concerns of indigenous people are voiced by numerous non-governmental organizations (NGOs) worldwide, and developing a constructive dialogue with these is crucial. Indigenous peoples’ rights have also been strengthened through international conventions and national legislation.